The cooperative winery in L'Espluga de Francolí is one of the oldest in Catalonia. It was commissioned by a native son of the town, Josep Maria Rendé i Ventosa, who became one of the promoters of agricultural cooperatives in Catalonia during the Mancomunitat de Catalunya, an institution comprising Catalonia's four Catalan provincial administrations. Rendé began his social undertaking in L'Espluga and converted the town into a leader of participatory rural practices.
First, he founded the L'Espluga Cooperative Society in 1902, the Caixa Rural bank in 1905 and an agricultural syndicate in 1909, institutions that preceded the cooperative winery, which was set up in 1912. A year later, the project was handed to Lluís Domènech i Montaner and was built by his son Pere Domènech Roura. It was referred to as the "wine cathedral" by Àngel Guimerà because of its majestic design. The building and its former vats and wine presses have all been restored and it now houses the Wine Museum, one of the town's tourist attractions.